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The ney, an end-blown flute, is a Turkish musical instrument made out of reed. Its history spans over many centuries.
This well-known instrument plays a significant role in Turkish classical and sacred music.
Borrowed from the Sumerian language, in Farsi, the word “na” or “nay” means reed, and the instrument was called as such in the past.
In Arab societies, most end-blown instruments have been referred to as “mizmar”.
In the Turkish language, it has always been called ney. In various European countries, similar words have been used to refer to this instrument.
The suffix “zeden” meaning ‘an instrument player’ in Farsi has been used in the phrase “ney-zeden”, or later became known as “ney-zen” in Turkish, meaning a ney player.
At times, the word “nâyi” has also been used for a ney player, in line with the rules of Arabic morphology.
Ney has always been an important instrument in the societies it existed. The first known ney dates back to the Sumarian people.
While it is believed that the history of ney goes back to the years 5000 B.C, currently the oldest ney that we have is from around 2800
B.C., and it is displayed in a museum at the University of Philadelphia in the US.
It is assumed that the instrument was played in religious festivals.
In the 9 th century, different varieties of ney were used in Central Asia by Arabs and Iranians.
In fact, some people would claim that Iranians are the first to come up with ney.
It is also believed that Turks of Khitan origin, namely nomadic people from Mongolia, who were well-versed in music, played ney extensively.
After the Turks embraced Islam, ney became a popular instrument, and starting from the 13 th century,
it became the symbol of Sufism, partly due to the great poet and Sufi master Jalaladdin Rumi.
In fact, when one looks at the sources that include biographies of Sufis,
often times one would encounter many Sufi names that have the title “neyzen”, or a ney player.
Derya, Sencer (2008) Aşkın Sesi Ney Öğretim Kitabı, Pan Yayıncılık
Sunday 14.00 - 16.00 The classes are 1 hour per week.
|Fee:||60 euro's p.p. per month|
|Location:ar||Roumi Art Institute, Van Hogendorplaan 45A, 3135 BC Vlaardingen|
|Instructor:||Bekir Ulu, Derya Kadi, Cengiz Arslanpay|