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About Arabic Calligraphy
Hüsn-ü Hat, Calligraphy means a line or a think looks like aline that is composed of gathering a lot of points or a writing. In the Islamic Culture, writing and fine writing are mentioned in this meaning. Calligraphy means, expressing words, the ideas and feelings occuring in the soul, and showing all of these in the alphabet.
Calligraphy has oriented with and around the Arabic words. There are arious rumours in the Islamic Literature about how the Arabic writing first started. But the origin of this writing goes back to the Pre-Islamic Ages. Wit islamic Religion, the Arab letters got esthetic elements gradually. It started to get a high level in The Age of Prosperity, and during te Abbacies Period developed more. The Islamic calligprahy art reached the fastest develeopment in the calligraphic school of Ottoman. Escpecially, since Sultan Mehmet the Conquerer some more froups joined the calligraphic school, and nearly in the following every century, new developments appeared. among the Ottoman Sultans, some sultans were interested in this art frankly. Some of them were: Beyazid II, Mustafa III, Ahmed ||, and Abdulmacid.
The materials usedin the past have been used today with slight changes. The basic materials used in calligraphy are; reed pen, paper with aher and ink made of lampblack-sumut. The pen used in calligraphy has no similarities with the pen we normally use today. We can classify the materials used in calligraphy as follows: reed pen, paper, special natural ink made of soot, mühre a kind of special stone, pen sharpener, inkwell, mistar, calligraphy board.
Nearly, in all the art branches, the phases of an art's formation are similar to each other. A calligraphic art is made by using elifbâ letters, reed pen, paper and ink. In a text to be written there are some signs called harakes which are used for reading. Again, on condition that not being used in a normal text, espaccially in celî, sülüs, celî divani, there are some kind of embellishments next to the letters and harakes. According to their places and neccessities, some signs and shapes that are called, tirfil, mili tirfil, quotation mark, and hurüf-u muhmele play a great role in filling the general writing composition in the celî sülüs frame writing. Here, using harakes and embellishments in order, in the right place and balance is vitally important addition to the writing and also spreading the letters and embellishments regularly on and all over the frame is important.
In the Ottoman calligraphy art, in all types of writing, the harmony of the lines have always been taken into consideration. When having a look at this writing, the harmony in direction of the upright, perpendicular letters and with the horizontal letters in being parallel to each other is important. This harmony wales the impression of the continuity in the wtchers in the horizontal letters an the movement in the perpencidular letters.
A coosy artist should not forget any details in every phase of calligraphy, and should be aware that beauty and perfection are hidden in details. It is possible to see all these relations and details in the Ottoman calligraphers' arts. For this, while wandering Istanbul, we can be sure about this.
Istanbul Büyük Sehir Belediyesi, Ismek El Sanatlari Albümü, Ismek Yayin 2008
Calligraphy courses 2018 every Saturday between 11.00 pm - 13.00 pm (Open for new signups)
|Fee:||15,- euro p/lesson|
|Location:||Roumi Art Institute, Alkmaardermeer 41, Rotterdam|